In 1935 Portuguese doctor Egas Moniz, learned of an experiment where the removal of the frontal lobes of two chimpanzees resulted in reduced violent behavior, making them more compliant. The doctor decided to repeat this experiment with humans, and shortly after performing this procedure on unsuspecting patients suffering from mental illnesses, he published a paper demonstrating a method he believed to be an innovative way to treat such illnesses as schizophrenia and psychosis. Today, Moniz is remembered for discovering the lobotomy, one of the most shameful and tragic procedures in medicine.

From the year 1945 to 1947 there were around 2,000 lobotomies performed. However, the numbers skyrocketed to 18,000 after Moniz was awarded the Nobel Prize Medicine for his discovery in 1949. There were many factors as to why this surgery was deemed acceptable by mental institutions back in the day. Mainly because there was no medication or therapy effective enough to treat people who suffered from various mental illness. And with electroshock therapy being already in use, this invasive operation didnx5ct shock people. However, the misinformation and active campaigning for the effectiveness of lobotomy had a significant impact too.

A physician, Walter Freeman, helped popularize this procedure in the US. With no surgical training, Freeman decided to change the operation, and instead of drilling holes in the skull, he stabbed patientsx5c brains with an icepick through the eye socket. Freeman perfected this method to the point where it only took him 12 minutes to perform it. He traveled around the country in a van called the Lobotomobile and had no problem performing it in non-sterile environments.

However, he and other doctors who performed this procedure often overlooked the gruesome side effects lobotomies caused, mainly focusing on the appearance of the patients and relieving the discomfort the illnesses had caused to their family members. This attitude is highlighted in the photographs Freeman took of his patients and used them as an argument in favor of lobotomies. Scroll below to see the disturbing images.

#1

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Missy Barton 8 months ago

Poor baby!

View more comments
#2

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Living_Shadow 8 months ago

Honestly with these photos you can really tell that the doctors only cared about the patients appearances in the end... they didn't bother noting down the side effects or any behavior afterwards

View More Replies...
View more comments
#3

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Caroline Huot 8 months ago

they 'make nice household pets' OMG!!! This is SO sad. :(

View More Replies...
View more comments
#4

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Rowlie 8 months ago

All of the faces on the right are so devoid of thoughts, feelings, personalities. Something between zombies and Stepford wives.

View More Replies...
View more comments
#5

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Notsoboredpanda 8 months ago

This breaks my heart. Imagine living in these times. When you just need support. 💔

View More Replies...
View more comments
#6

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Kelly Horrigan 8 months ago

I want to upvote every picture but it is hard. It feels wrong to up vote - but I will because they deserve to be seen simply for the horror they endured.

View More Replies...
View more comments
#7

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

BusLady 8 months ago

Went from a woman to a little girl.

View More Replies...
View more comments
#8

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Kelly Horrigan 8 months ago

Cured his eyesight? And then started to smoke

View More Replies...
View more comments
#9

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Kelly Horrigan 8 months ago

Cure for bad house keeping.

View More Replies...
View more comments
#10

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Tomas Holicka 8 months ago

Well, aging has certainly changed. I would not guess her to be a year younger than 70.

View More Replies...
View more comments
#11

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

cppdigitallibrary Report

tarebear 8 months ago

"Subject yo compulsive seizures but made no complaint" so since she didn't complain it was totally fine that she randomly seized

View More Replies...
View more comments
#12

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Robert O 8 months ago

The photo on the right reminds me of someone... movie star? Author? ... can't recall who.. now just bugging me

View More Replies...
View more comments
#13

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Kelly Horrigan 8 months ago

In 1940, struggling economy, job anxiety. Poke your eye with an ice pick. Tah Dah!

View More Replies...
View more comments
#14

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Rowlie 8 months ago (edited)

Wow, so efficient! Even her teeth grew back

View More Replies...
View more comments
#15

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Nia Loves Art 8 months ago

His face shape completely changed …

View More Replies...
View more comments
#16

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

Enuya 8 months ago

Lobotomy, electroshocks and tying to bed. It's so hard to believe that we were so barbaric less than one hundred years ago. I know that even today the treatment of mental illness is far from perfect. Still, I am so grateful that I live today, not few decades ago.

View More Replies...
View more comments
#17

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

cppdigitallibrary Report

Kelly Horrigan 8 months ago

and he began to melt

View More Replies...
View more comments
#18

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Tomas Holicka 8 months ago

In fact, she is probably no longer bothered by everything. Such a wonderful citizen!

View More Replies...
View more comments
#19

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Andrea Bernier Hall 8 months ago

Oh look! She learned how to smile! No practice needed. Just a little poke here and there, it's really no big deal at all!

View More Replies...
View more comments
#20

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

abean20 Report

Tomas Holicka 8 months ago

210lbs, so healthy! Were the 50s really real?

View More Replies...
View more comments
#21

Before-After-Lobotomy-Surgery-Patients-Photos

unknown Report

hashwadoobies 8 months ago

so much pain in her eyes in the before picture.

View More Replies...
View more comments
See Also on Bored Panda