Firsts: 46 Powerful Women Who Were First
There are so many women who are changing the world, testing their limits and making this planet a better, more united place. Time Magazine took it upon themselves to celebrate these strong individuals in their latest project "Firsts".
"Firsts" is a special multimedia project that features 46 women who broke a variety of barriers and have been the first in their field to accomplish a major milestone. Some of the names are well known, for example, Hillary Clinton, who is the first woman to win a major party’s nomination for president; Oprah Winfrey, who is the first woman to own and produce her own her own talk show; and Aretha Franklin, who is the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
The images were shot over the course of the year by a 22-year-old Brazilian photographer named Luisa Dörr using an iPhone.
Take a look at the portraits of women who tested and then broke boundaries that reshaped the world for decades to come below.
Eileen Collins - First Woman To Command A Space Shuttle
Collins became an astronaut in 1991 and served as a pilot or commander on four spaceflights before retiring from NASA in 2006.
Ilhan Omar - First Somali-American Muslim Person To Become A Legislator
Omar was elected on Nov. 8, 2016, to represent Minneapolis’ District 60B in the Minnesota house of representatives.
Ann Dunwoody - First Woman To Rise To Four-Star General In The U.S. Military
Dunwoody, who served nearly four decades in the U.S. military, rose to become a four-star general in 2008 and retired in 2012 as commander of the Army Materiel Command.
Sylvia Earle - First Woman To Become Chief Scientist Of The U.S. National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration
Earle is president and chair of Mission Blue, an organization that advocates for legal protection and conservation of the world’s oceans.
Serena Williams - First Tennis Player To Win 23 Grand Slam Singles Titles In The Open Era
Williams, who has been playing professional tennis since 1995, has won 72 singles titles, 23 doubles titles and four Olympic gold medals.
Aretha Franklin - First Woman To Be Inducted Into The Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame
Franklin has won 18 Grammy Awards. Watch Aretha Franklin’s performance of “Rock of Ages”.
Ellen Degeneres - First Person To Star As An Openly Gay Character On Prime-Time Tv
DeGeneres, an Emmy-winning TV host and comedian, has hosted her eponymous talk show since 2003.
Oprah Winfrey - First Woman To Own And Produce Her Own Talk Show
The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest-rated talk show in TV history, ran for 25 years.
Mae Jemison - First Woman Of Color In Space
Jemison, who holds degrees in engineering and medicine, went to space on the Endeavour in 1992.
Rita Moreno - First Latina To Win An Emmy, A Grammy, An Oscar And A Tony
Moreno is one of 12 people to have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar and a Tony, known as an EGOT. She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2004.
Gabby Douglas - First American Gymnast To Win Solo And Team All-Around Gold Medals At One Olympics
Douglas won three gold medals at the 2012 and 2016 Olympic Games and helped Team USA win gold at the 2011 and 2015 world championships.
Carla Hayden - First Woman And First African American To Be Librarian Of Congress
Hayden, who ran the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore and served as deputy commissioner and chief librarian of the Chicago Public Library system, was the first African American to receive Library Journal’s Librarian of the Year Award in 1995.
Danica Patrick - First Woman To Lead In The Indianapolis 500 And The Daytona 500
In 2013, Patrick became the first woman to win the pole position at the Daytona 500.
Ava Duvernay - First Black Woman To Direct A Film Nominated For A Best Picture Oscar
DuVernay directed Selma, an Oscar nominee for Best Picture, and 13th, an Oscar nominee for Best Documentary Feature.
Mazie Hirono - First Asian-American Woman To Be Elected To The U.S. Senate
Hirono, who was born in Japan, was elected to Hawaii’s house of representatives in 1980 and later became the state’s lieutenant governor. She served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 2007 to 2013 and has been a Senator since 2013.
Shonda Rhimes - First Woman To Create Three Hit Shows With More Than 100 Episodes Each
Rhimes created Grey’s Anatomy, Private Practice and Scandal, and is an executive producer of How to Get Away With Murder.
Madeleine Albright - First Woman To Become U.S. Secretary Of State
Albright served as U.S. ambassador to the U.N. from 1993 to 1997 and U.S. Secretary of State from 1997 to 2001.
Patricia Bath - First Person To Invent And Demonstrate Laserphaco Cataract Surgery
Bath was the first female African-American doctor to patent a medical device, the Laserphaco Probe, in 1988.
Cindy Sherman - First Woman To Break $1 Million In A Photography Sale
Sherman, who studied painting before turning to the camera, is known for her chameleon-like self-portraits.
Katharine Jefferts Schori - First Woman To Be Elected Presiding Bishop Of The Episcopal Church
Jefferts Schori studied biology at Stanford University and has a Ph.D. in oceanography from Oregon State University.
Kathryn Sullivan - First American Woman To Walk In Space
After 15 years at NASA, Sullivan became chief scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and later administrator of the NOAA from 2014 to 2017.
Mo'ne Davis - First Girl To Pitch A Shutout And Win A Game In A Little League World Series
The Monarchs finished the Little League World Series in 2014 with two wins. Davis, now 16, has turned her attention to basketball.
Kathryn Smith - First Woman To Become A Full-Time Coach In The Nfl
Smith, who began her NFL career as a game-day intern with the New York Jets, left the Buffalo Bills in January 2017.
Michelle Phan - First Woman To Build A $500 Million Company From A Web Series
Phan launched the beauty subscription company Ipsy and the beauty brand EM Cosmetics.
Alice Waters - First Woman To Win The James Beard Award For Outstanding Chef
Waters opened Chez Panisse in 1971 and started the Edible Schoolyard Project in 1995.
Nikki Haley - First Indian-American Woman To Be Elected Governor
Haley served as South Carolina’s governor from 2011 to 2017. She is the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
Geisha Williams - First Latina CEO Of A Fortune 500 Company
Williams took over as CEO and president of PG&E Corp. on March 1, 2017.
Hillary Clinton - First Woman To Win A Major Party’s Nomination For President
Clinton, who has served as First Lady, Senator and Secretary of State, was the Democratic Party nominee for President in the 2016 election.
Jennifer Yuh Nelson - First Woman To Solo-Direct A Major Hollywood Animated Feature
Nelson’s Kung Fu Panda 2 (2011) is the second highest-grossing film directed by a woman, only recently surpassed by Wonder Woman (2017).
Lori Robinson - First Woman To Lead A Top-Tier U.S. Combat Command
In 2016, Robinson became the highest-ranking woman in U.S. military history as leader of U.S. Northern Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command.
Elizabeth Blackburn - First Woman To Become President Of The Salk Institute
Blackburn, president of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies since 2016, won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her DNA breakthroughs.
Melinda Gates - First Woman To Give Away More Than $40 Billion
Gates, who has degrees in computer science and economics as well as business administration, worked at Microsoft from 1987 to 1996. She is a co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Ursula Burns - First Black Woman To Run A Fortune 500 Company
Burns retired in 2017 as chair of Xerox, where she served as CEO from 2009 to 2016.
Loretta Lynch - First Black Woman To Become U.S. Attorney General
Lynch served as U.S. Attorney General from 2015 to 2017.
Mary Barra - First Woman To Become CEO Of A Major Car Company
Barra joined General Motors when she was 18 and has been its CEO since 2014.
Candis Cayne - First Transgender Woman With A Major Role On Prime-Time Tv
Cayne, who started her career dancing in New York City, is known for her role on Dirty Sexy Money and her appearances on I Am Cait.
Maya Lin - First Woman To Design A Memorial On The National Mall
Lin won a public design competition for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial while she was an undergraduate student at Yale University.
Rita Dove - First Black U.S. Poet Laureate
Dove, who won the Pulitzer Prize for her poetry in 1987, served as U.S. poet laureate from 1993 to 1995.
Rachel Maddow - First Openly Gay Anchor To Host A Prime-Time News Program
Maddow hosts the Emmy-winning Rachel Maddow Show on MSNBC.
Barbara Walters - First Woman To Co-Anchor A Network Evening News Program
After more than 50 years in journalism, Walters retired from her talk show, The View, in 2014.
Issa Rae - First Black Woman To Create And Star In A Premium Cable Series
Rae is the author of The Misadventures of Awkward Black Girl and stars on HBO’s Insecure, which she created.
Janet Yellen - First Woman To Chair The Federal Reserve
Yellen, formerly an economist at the University of California, Berkeley, is the chair of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve.
Nancy Pelosi - First Woman To Become Speaker Of The U.S. House Of Representatives
Pelosi, who represents California’s 12th Congressional District, has served in the U.S. House of Representatives since 1987. She was the Speaker from 2007 to 2011 and is now the minority leader.
Sheryl Sandberg - First Woman To Become A Social-Media Billionaire
Sandberg is the chief operating officer of Facebook and was the first woman named to the company’s board of directors. She founded the nonprofits Lean In and Option B.