People have always been curious, not only about the future of humanity but also the fate of planet Earth and the universe itself. However these days, the threat that climate change poses makes us think about our planet's future even more often. Although scientists cannot answer for certain what will happen thousands or million years into the future, they try to map the future with information and technology that is available today.

Imgur user WannaWanga did some digging around the internet and gathered a brief timeline of the far-future. If you're interested in these scientific predictions of the fate of the universe, scroll below!

More info: sciencealert.com | en.wikipedia.org | informationisbeautiful.net | mnn.com | imgur.com

10,000 Years Into The Future

10,000 Years Into The Future

If a failure of the Wilkes Subglacial Basin "ice plug" in the next few centuries were to endanger the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, it will take up to this long to melt completely. Sea levels would rise 3 to 4 meters. (One of the potential long-term effects of global warming, this is separate from the shorter term threat of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.) According to one estimate called the Doomsday argument,... Read More

If a failure of the Wilkes Subglacial Basin "ice plug" in the next few centuries were to endanger the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, it will take up to this long to melt completely. Sea levels would rise 3 to 4 meters. (One of the potential long-term effects of global warming, this is separate from the shorter term threat of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.) According to one estimate called the Doomsday argument, as proposed by Australian theoretical physicist Brandon Carter, there's a 95 percent chance that humans will have died out in 10,000 years. That argument has been heavily debated, so we're not entirely sure if people will be around or not. But if they are, in 10,000 years there will be no regional genetic variation between humans. That's not to say people will all look the same, but whatever genetic differences there are - such as blue eyes versus brown - will be evenly distributed across the planet.

Heidi Cullen Report

John Smith 2 months ago

My coin collection will be worth a fortune.

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13,000 Years Into The Future

13,000 Years Into The Future

By this point, halfway through the precessional cycle, Earth's axial tilt will be reversed, causing summer and winter to occur on opposite sides of Earth's orbit. This means that the seasons in the Northern Hemisphere, which experiences more pronounced seasonal variation due to a higher percentage of land, will be even more extreme, as it will be facing towards the Sun at Earth's perihelion and away from the Sun at aphelion.

NASA Report

Conrad Strucker 2 months ago

How will it be in the Southern Hemisphere? Will the seasons be less pronounced?

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15,000 Years Into The Future

15,000 Years Into The Future

According to the Sahara pump theory, the precession of Earth's poles will move the North African Monsoon far enough north to convert the Sahara back into a tropical climate, as it was during 5,000–10,000 years ago.

Max Pixel Report

Conrad Strucker 2 months ago

That's awesome! I'm just worried that humans set up shop there, they'l just be disappointed again as the area becomes a desert once again. Then again, it'll take thousands of years to do so, sooooo

20,000 Years Into The Future

20,000 Years Into The Future

The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, the 2,600-square-kilometre (1,000 sq mi) area of Ukraine and Belarus left deserted by the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, becomes safe for human life.

Uwe Brodrecht Report

Conrad Strucker 2 months ago

The pictures of the plant life affected are eye-opening, to say the least. Humans need to watch themselves around nuclear power.

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36,000 Years Into The Future

36,000 Years Into The Future

The small red dwarf Ross 248 will pass within 3.024 light-years of Earth, becoming the closest star to the Sun. It will recede after about 8,000 years, making first Alpha Centauri again and then Gliese 445 the nearest stars.

NASA Report

Felix Feline 2 months ago

The Alpha Centauri star system is made up of three stars, of which Proxima Centauri is the closest, and may be again after Ross recedes.

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50,000 Years Into The Future

50,000 Years Into The Future

Niagara Falls will have eroded away the remaining 32 km to Lake Erie, and ceased to exist. According to Berger and Loutre, the current interglacial period ends sending the Earth back into a glacial period of the current ice age, regardless of the effects of anthropogenic global warming. The many glacial lakes of the Canadian Shield will have been erased by post-glacial rebound and erosion. The length of the day used... Read More

Niagara Falls will have eroded away the remaining 32 km to Lake Erie, and ceased to exist. According to Berger and Loutre, the current interglacial period ends sending the Earth back into a glacial period of the current ice age, regardless of the effects of anthropogenic global warming. The many glacial lakes of the Canadian Shield will have been erased by post-glacial rebound and erosion. The length of the day used for astronomical timekeeping reaches about 86,401 SI seconds, due to lunar tides decelerating the Earth's rotation. Under the present-day timekeeping system, either a leap second would need to be added to the clock every single day, or else by then, in order to compensate, the length of the day would have had to have been officially lengthened by one SI second.

unknown Report

Little letitia 2 months ago

What is this a photo of??

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100,000 Years Into The Future

100,000 Years Into The Future

The hypergiant star VY Canis Majoris will likely have exploded in a hypernova. The proper motion of stars across the celestial sphere, which is the result of their movement through the Milky Way, renders many of the constellations unrecognisable. Earth will likely have undergone a supervolcanic eruption large enough to erupt 400 km3 (96 cubic miles) of magma. For comparison, Lake Erie is 484 km3 (116 cu mi). As one... Read More

The hypergiant star VY Canis Majoris will likely have exploded in a hypernova. The proper motion of stars across the celestial sphere, which is the result of their movement through the Milky Way, renders many of the constellations unrecognisable. Earth will likely have undergone a supervolcanic eruption large enough to erupt 400 km3 (96 cubic miles) of magma. For comparison, Lake Erie is 484 km3 (116 cu mi). As one of the long-term effects of global warming, 10% of anthropogenic carbon dioxide will still remain in a stabilized atmosphere. (100,000+)

NASA Report

Sivi 2 months ago

Well I be dead by then anyways :U

200,000 Years Into The Future

200,000 Years Into The Future

Due to "proper motion," or the long-term movement of celestial bodies through space, familiar star constellations like the Big Dipper, Orion and Perseus no longer exist. 250,000 Loihi, a young submarine volcano in the Hawaiian chain, rises above the Pacific Ocean's surface and becomes a new island. 295,000 Voyager 2 vs Sirius probe passes within 4.7 light years of the brightest star in the night sky.

NASA Report

Rebecah Ozuna 2 months ago

I can see my house from here.

300,000 Years Into The Future

300,000 Years Into The Future

At some point in the next "several" hundred thousand years, the Wolf–Rayet star WR 104 is expected to explode in a supernova. It has been suggested that it may produce a gamma-ray burst that could pose a threat to life on Earth should its poles be aligned 12° or lower towards Earth. The star's axis of rotation has yet to be determined with certainty.

ESA/Hubble Report

Rebecah Ozuna 2 months ago

Aaaaaaaand we're f*cked!!

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500,000 Years Into The Future

500,000 Years Into The Future

Earth will likely have been hit by an asteroid of roughly 1 km in diameter, assuming it cannot be averted. The spent nuclear fuel in today's reactors will finally be safe. The rugged terrain of Badlands National Park in South Dakota will have eroded away completely. Final date we can hold off a new global freeze until - if we burn all remaining fossil fuels.

Max Pixel Report