As the USSR was busy rebuilding after World War II, an American Martin Manhoff landed in Moscow with a suitcase full of the latest photography equipment - and the skills to use it. Martin travelled throughout Russia by rail and was often accompanied by his wife Jan who recorded their memories in writing.
In 1954, two years after arriving, Martin Manhoff was expelled from the USSR for “spying”. After his expulsion to the US, the images Manhoff made lay hidden in a cupboard for more than 60 years. This year, after Manhoff's death, these crisp, colourful slides of Soviet life were re-discovered by a historian Douglas Smith.
#1 A Night Shot Of Moscow
That's the newly-constructed Moscow State University glowing on the horizon.
#2 Schoolgirls At Kolomenskoye, A Former Royal Estate In The South Of Moscow
Any of these girls alive today would now be in their 70s.
#3 A Market In Crimea, A Few Years Before The Peninsula Was “Gifted” To Ukraine By Stalin’s Successor
Jan wrote that the peninsula "had always been a resort area, and now when the happy workers get their holidays, the top ones get to come here."
#5 Flooded Streets In Kiev
Jan described Ukraine as "a cleaner, more individual part of the Soviet Union... this area has certainly seen and known more than just Soviet rule."
#6 Babushka Dealings, Snapped Out Of The Window Of A Train
Jan said the train trips gave the Manhoffs their only chance to communicate with ordinary Russians "but here natural precaution prohibits anything but superficial talk."
#7 A Rural Town Snapped From A Passing Train
As well as shooting images of city life, Martin, often accompanied by his wife Jan, travelled throughout Russia by rail. This image is one of several showing small town life far from Moscow.
#8 A Parade Under The Walls Of The Kremlin
When historian Douglas Smith discovered the images, he immediately realised he'd stumbled onto a rare treasure.
#9 Kids Goofing For Martin's Camera In Novospassky Monastery
#10 Ostankino Palace, In The North Of Moscow
In Soviet days, many estates and palaces of the aristocracy were opened up as public parks.