The ideal male physique of today’s modern man might be all about bulging biceps and rippled six-packs, but as you can see from this fascinating series of images, the ideal body wasn’t always like this.

They were made by a Pittsburgh-based graphic designer and researcher called Nickolay Lamm, who also makes a range of ‘standard human body proportioned‘ Lammily dolls designed to challenge the unrealistic proportions of Mattel’s Barbie. For his latest project, the artist used 3D computer modeling to show how the ideal male body has changed over the last 150 years. Taking into account several variables such as changes in culture and availability of food, and influenced by various images that Lamm collected from each decade he focused on, the results are often surprisingly different from what you might expect.

In the 1870s, for example, wide waists were all the rage because they symbolized wealth and prosperity. There was even a Fat Man’s Club in Connecticut for people who weighed at least 200lbs. However, the club closed down at the turn of the 20th century because public perception about body image began to change, especially with the dawn of Hollywood. Actors had to be lean in order to compensate for the fact that the camera would often make them look bigger than they were, and this trend culminated in the 1960s when skinny became the most desirable body type for men. This all changed again in the 1980s though when the rise in popularity of gyms and health clubs saw the ideal male physique begin to bulk out with muscle. This was also influenced by a growing interest in bodybuilding inspired by actors such as Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone. Scroll down to learn more about how the beauty standards for the male body have changed over time and see what it looks like today. Which one do you prefer? Let us know in the comments below.

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1870s – The Fat Man’s Club

“Today, obesity is often associated with poor economic status, but before people had easy access to food, plump figures were considered attractive because they suggested upper-class status.”

1930s –  The Muscular Mesomorph

Clark Gable

John Wayne

Charles Atlas

1960s – The Lean Rocker

Mick Jagger

John Lennon

“In the 1960s, beautiful bodies hadn’t been very important. Young Americans, and some not-so-young ones, relied on dramatic clothing and masses of hair more than perfect measurements to express individuality and sexuality.” — Lynne Luciano

1980s – The Muscular Man

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Sylvester Stallone

“In the 1970s, instead of being expressed through political activism and protest as in the 1960s, youthfulness would be projected by the body – a body that was as sexy, fit, and lean as an eighteen-year-old’s.” — Lynne Luciano

1990s to present – The Everyman

Brad Pitt

“He looks great, but he’s not massive. He’s just got really good abs, good arms, nice muscle tone, and an alright chest. And that’s what people want: to be lean, have a six-pack…It used to be bodybuilding…but that looks unattainable — you have to take steroids. With physique training, instead of spending ten years trying to build mass, you just get really lean.” — Esquire