Macro photography using a mobile phone is one thing that has gained popularity these days. What is macro photography in general, you may ask? How does one do it?
Macro photography is when photos are taken at a very close range to get precise details with good magnification.
Just how good does the enlargement have to be? Well, ideally, the magnification produced when photographing macros is at least 1:1, the ratio of 1:1 is the size of the object by comparison (the size of the cliché / negative film in ancient times, if we're talking about the present, it's the size of a full-frame camera sensor). In our case, it's 24mmx36mm, which is the size to compare to with the large object that we photograph.
How to get a suitable enlargement? If we're talking about the camera, then, of course, you can achieve that by using a macro lens, or by using an external tube, or Raynox on the lens.
Then what about macros using mobile phones, how do we achieve that? When using mobile phones in macro photography, we can use tools such as macro lenses that are sold on the market by various brands. Or we can use what we call a 'lensbong' (Disassembly Lens) that we can make ourselves or we can buy from several lensbong craftsmen who indeed sell their lenses.
What is lensbong (disassembly lens)? Lensbong is the Indonesian abbreviation of lens disassembly, where the lens is taken from disassembling an object that has a lens. The object itself is usually a roll camera (old school cameras that still use film.) It can be digital cameras, monoculars, binoculars, ocular / lenses for microscopes, telezoom for mobile phones, lenses for DSLR / SLR (kit lenses, telephones, fixes, etc.), laser point lens, optical DVD player, camcorders, door peeping holes, among others. For the quality and character itself varies, depending on the material, thickness, and shape of the lens.
By adding additional lenses, we will get an ideal magnification for macro photos. However, we can use the digital zoom on mobile phones. Still, it is not recommended, besides digital zoom, it is a "crop by software" process where it is not pure optical zoom and can also reduce the quality of photos we produce.
Additional lenses are now very varied, starting with a very soft background and tend to be plain, to a very high magnification or commonly called "extreme macro," with many trials and experiments conducted by practitioners of macro photography in Indonesia.
In addition to additional lenses, what else should be considered in macro photography?
Of course, light is a critical factor in photography, so even in macro photography, light is very, very, very important. It is advisable to take photos in the morning or evening; besides that, at that time, insects are not as aggressive as in the afternoon, the light is still very soft.
In addition to natural light, we can also use other additional light, which is by using LEDs or the like, which usually use "power banks" as a source of energy as well as reflectors of sunlight for parts of objects that lack light.
Then, in addition to the tools we use, we also need to learn and understand what we photograph. In macro photography, the most interesting object is insects. We also need to learn and understand the insects we photograph, when they eat, how they mate, when they finish resting, what their habitat is, etc.
Hopefully, this article can be useful for all who read, more or less, because even now I continue to study, study, and study.