More than 4 billion people live in urban areas globally. It’s now projected that by 2050, more than two-thirds of the world population will live in urban areas. So no wonder we pay more importance to the buildings and structures around us.

And among countless poorly executed, dysfunctional, and aesthetically nauseating architecture examples (just take a look at our previous post with architecture so bad it got shamed by people), there are some gems that landed in this list.

From vertical gardens to incredible brickwork, and anything that combines function, creativity, skill and complements the surrounding area in a beautiful way, there’s a real feast for your eyes. Scroll down through the examples of architects outdoing themselves, and upvote your favorite ones! Psst! Part 1 of this post awaits right here.

#1

This Vertical Garden Located In Madrid, Spain

This Vertical Garden Located In Madrid, Spain

tanmaypendse63 Report

#2

Entrance Gate Of The St. Petersburg Mosque, Russia. Designed By Architect Nikolai Vasilyev

Entrance Gate Of The St. Petersburg Mosque, Russia. Designed By Architect Nikolai Vasilyev

HeeMew Report

#3

Apartment Building In Turin Holds 150 Trees

Apartment Building In Turin Holds 150 Trees

karmagheden Report

When you think of architectural wonders, you think of the beautiful Sydney Opera House, the Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris (partially destroyed by a huge fire accident in 2019), The Guggenheim, New York City or La Sagrada Familia, Barcelona. These architectural icons deservedly land on t-shirts and coffee mugs that tourists bring home along with their great memories.

In many cases, however, such iconic examples that shaped modern architecture and gave new meanings to how generations of the past century saw the spaces they live and spend time in are rather rare. In reality, mass urbanization is exploding around the world, meaning that around 50% of the 7 plus billion people on this planet have moved to cities. And this number will almost certainly increase to around 80% by 2050.

#4

Matsumoto Castle, Matsumoto, Japan, Late 16th Century

Matsumoto Castle, Matsumoto, Japan, Late 16th Century

5462652 Report

#5

Eltz Castle Is Located In Wierschem, Germany And Has Been Owned And Occupied By The Same Family For Over 850 Years...

Eltz Castle Is Located In Wierschem, Germany And Has Been Owned And Occupied By The Same Family For Over 850 Years...

juanralucard Report

#6

Mont Saint Michel In France

Mont Saint Michel In France

j3ffr33d0m Report

And there are many threats that come with urbanization, from pollution and uncollected waste to social inequality and greater poverty, with local governments unable to provide services for all people. Since there are so many more people living in urban areas, the housing problem is another key problem in big cities where the prices of real estate are affordable for the very small fraction of society with higher than average income.

No wonder, these days, cities are packed with utilitarian apartment slabs with unrelieved gridded façades, infill condo housing that looks as if it's been trucked in from the suburbs, and a grim precast concrete retirement home that takes up a whole block. You wish nobody had built them. Dystopian architecture has been captivating people’s imagination, making them fear a scenario where modernism went wrong. What if it already has?

#7

The 17th Century Shah Jahan Mosque In Pakistan, Notable For Its Geometric Brick Work

The 17th Century Shah Jahan Mosque In Pakistan, Notable For Its Geometric Brick Work

F*ckoff555 Report

#8

Sumela Monastery, A Greek Orthodox Monastery Originally Established Around Ad 386 Nestled In A Steep Cliff At An Altitude Of 1200 Meters, Trabzon Province, Turkey

Sumela Monastery, A Greek Orthodox Monastery Originally Established Around Ad 386 Nestled In A Steep Cliff At An Altitude Of 1200 Meters, Trabzon Province, Turkey

ManiaforBeatles Report

#9

Fort Bourtange, Netherlands

Fort Bourtange, Netherlands

subwoofer12 Report

Bored Panda spoke with Lisa Yaszek, a Regents Professor of Science Fiction Studies at Georgia Tech, who said that dystopian and brutal architecture we often see in megacities captivates our imagination because it reminds us of the images of dystopian science fiction cities that we’ve seen on the big screen for a century.

“The cities featured in movies such as Fritz Lang’s Metropolis (1927), George Lucas’s THX-II38 (1971), Ridley Scott’s Blade Runner (1982), and Steven Spielberg’s Ready Player One (2018) all have a very distinctive look,” Lisa said.

The professor explained that such architectural dystopias have a very distinctive look. They are vertical dystopias rendered in dull, industrial-colored palettes (the colors of concrete, steel, rust, and smoke, with an occasional shot of neon); they are marked by either the total absence or total contamination of nature; and they are completely out of scale to the humans who live in them.”

#10

Gloucester Cathedral

Gloucester Cathedral

mustyv0 Report

#11

This Cafe In Czech Republic

This Cafe In Czech Republic

MetallicMowl Report

#12

Arnavutköy, A Neighborhood Away From Istanbul’s Touristic Hustle

Arnavutköy, A Neighborhood Away From Istanbul’s Touristic Hustle

somewhatcoolnickname Report

Moreover, Lisa added that “the scale of science fiction dystopias reminds us of the gap between rich and poor, with the rich literally at the top of skyscrapers while the poor huddle underground or at street level, trying not to be crushed under the weight of the dystopian city and its crumbling infrastructure,” she explained. It makes you wonder whether we already live a science fictional dream?

#13

From The Middle Kingdom

From The Middle Kingdom

Apprehensive-Park453 Report

#14

Writer's Museum, Edinburgh, In The Fog

Writer's Museum, Edinburgh, In The Fog

granta50 Report

#15

This 325-Year-Old Tree Was Utilized In The Building Design When Authorities In Turkey Would Not Allow For Its Removal

This 325-Year-Old Tree Was Utilized In The Building Design When Authorities In Turkey Would Not Allow For Its Removal

rockystl Report

#16

Buildings By Freddy Mamani In El Alto, Bolivia

Buildings By Freddy Mamani In El Alto, Bolivia

Grillos Report

#17

Spitzhäuschen, A Narrow Half-Timbered House Built In 1416 Located In Bernkastel-Kues, Germany

Spitzhäuschen, A Narrow Half-Timbered House Built In 1416 Located In Bernkastel-Kues, Germany

karmagheden Report

#18

The Burnt Farm Cottage Built With Red Brick In The 1840s, Borough Of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, Southern England

The Burnt Farm Cottage Built With Red Brick In The 1840s, Borough Of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, Southern England

ManiaforBeatles Report

#19

The Interior Of Barcelona's Sagrada Família, Designed By Antoni Gaudí. Construction Began In 1882- And It's Still Not Finished. It's Expected To Be Completed By 2026, Just In Time For The 100th Anniversary Of Gaudí's Death

The Interior Of Barcelona's Sagrada Família, Designed By Antoni Gaudí. Construction Began In 1882- And It's Still Not Finished. It's Expected To Be Completed By 2026, Just In Time For The 100th Anniversary Of Gaudí's Death

somnum_osseus Report

#20

Shah-I-Zinda Necropolis In Samarkand, Uzbekistan

Shah-I-Zinda Necropolis In Samarkand, Uzbekistan

HellsJuggernaut Report

#22

Art Nouveau Architecture Of A House Built In The 1880's In Brussels, Belgium

Art Nouveau Architecture Of A House Built In The 1880's In Brussels, Belgium

WideEyes369 Report

#23

Front Of House, Back Of House. Dubbed "The Mullet House"

Front Of House, Back Of House. Dubbed "The Mullet House"

LBWolf2021 Report

#24

19th Century Victorian Gothic Cottage Framed By The Arch Of The Gatehouse At Holly Village, Highgate, North London, UK

19th Century Victorian Gothic Cottage Framed By The Arch Of The Gatehouse At Holly Village, Highgate, North London, UK

ManiaforBeatles Report

#25

The Zip Building, Milan

The Zip Building, Milan

Apprehensive-Park453 Report

#26

The Ark Of Bukhara Is A Fortress Located In Uzbekistan

The Ark Of Bukhara Is A Fortress Located In Uzbekistan

KantKay11 Report

#28

Capt James Taylor House, A 1892 Queen Anne Victorian In Marine City, St. Clair County, Michigan

Capt James Taylor House, A 1892 Queen Anne Victorian In Marine City, St. Clair County, Michigan

ManiaforBeatles Report

#29

Fisherman's Bastion, Budapest, Hungary

Fisherman's Bastion, Budapest, Hungary

tatrn Report

#30

Edinburgh Castle And Its Half Moon Battery Seen From The Vennel Steps In The Old Town, Edinburgh, Scotland

Edinburgh Castle And Its Half Moon Battery Seen From The Vennel Steps In The Old Town, Edinburgh, Scotland

ManiaforBeatles Report

#31

Ribbon Chapel In Onomichi, Japan

Ribbon Chapel In Onomichi, Japan

j3ffr33d0m Report

#32

Burg Hochosterwitz, A Castle Built On A Limestone Rock Which Was First Mentioned In A Text In 860 And Continuously Fortified Until The 16th Century. Still Owned By The Noble Khevenhüller Family After The Acquisition In 1571. Carinthia, Austria

Burg Hochosterwitz, A Castle Built On A Limestone Rock Which Was First Mentioned In A Text In 860 And Continuously Fortified Until The 16th Century. Still Owned By The Noble Khevenhüller Family After The Acquisition In 1571. Carinthia, Austria

ManiaforBeatles Report

See Also on Bored Panda
#33

Ljubljana, Slovenia

Ljubljana, Slovenia

the_count_aga Report

#34

Sun Rays Through The Double Lancet Windows Of Westminster Abbey, City Of Westminster, London, UK

Sun Rays Through The Double Lancet Windows Of Westminster Abbey, City Of Westminster, London, UK

ManiaforBeatles Report

#35

Azadi Tower, Tehran, Iran

Azadi Tower, Tehran, Iran

matinrrr Report

#36

Galtaji Hindu Temple Located In Aravalli Hills In Jaipur Of India. Temple Complex Have Many Natural Freshwater Springs

Galtaji Hindu Temple Located In Aravalli Hills In Jaipur Of India. Temple Complex Have Many Natural Freshwater Springs

KantKay11 Report

#37

Children Standing In Front Of One Of The Main Doors Of Casablanca Mosque

Children Standing In Front Of One Of The Main Doors Of Casablanca Mosque

Primuri Report

#38

Venice, Italy

Venice, Italy

granta50 Report

#39

Oslo Opera House Designed In 1999 By Snøhetta And Finished In 2007

Oslo Opera House Designed In 1999 By Snøhetta And Finished In 2007

CateCrafter Report

#40

15th Century Castle Of Coca In Central Spain

15th Century Castle Of Coca In Central Spain

Kimpurusha Report

#41

140 Meters High Ruyi Bridge In China

140 Meters High Ruyi Bridge In China

KantKay11 Report

#42

The Waves, Vejle, Denmark

The Waves, Vejle, Denmark

Plaskefar Report

See Also on Bored Panda
#43

Mahkama Du Pacha - Casablanca, Morocco

Mahkama Du Pacha - Casablanca, Morocco

mahrach8 Report

#45

Cologne Cathedral. Masterpiece Of Gothic Architecture. Years Build : 1248 - 1880

Cologne Cathedral. Masterpiece Of Gothic Architecture. Years Build : 1248 - 1880

Embarrassed_Ad_2165 Report

#46

Dating Back To The 15th Century, Plaza Mayor Is A Major Public Space In The Heart Of Madrid, The Capital Of Spain

Dating Back To The 15th Century, Plaza Mayor Is A Major Public Space In The Heart Of Madrid, The Capital Of Spain

KantKay11 Report

#47

The Iwan Ceiling Of Fatima Masumeh Shrine In Iran

The Iwan Ceiling Of Fatima Masumeh Shrine In Iran

wyazici Report

#48

Villa Farnese, A 16th Century Pentagonal Renaissance Mansion Built On The Fortress Foundations In The Town Of Caprarola, Viterbo, Northern Lazio, Italy

Villa Farnese, A 16th Century Pentagonal Renaissance Mansion Built On The Fortress Foundations In The Town Of Caprarola, Viterbo, Northern Lazio, Italy

ManiaforBeatles Report

#49

A Rooftop Restaurant/Cafe In Chongqing, China

A Rooftop Restaurant/Cafe In Chongqing, China

tanmaypendse63 Report

#50

Habitat 67 In Montreal

Habitat 67 In Montreal

jiggyns Report

Note: this post originally had 122 images. It’s been shortened to the top 50 images based on user votes.